...EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT FROM NOON FRIDAY TO
10 PM EDT SUNDAY...
* HEAT INDEX VALUES...100 TO 105 ON FRIDAY AFTERNOON, 105 TO 115
ON SATURDAY AFTERNOON, AND 105 TO 110 ON SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
* TIMING...THE MOST DANGEROUS OF THE HEAT AND HUMIDITY WILL
OCCUR FROM MID AFTERNOON INTO THE EARLY EVENING EACH DAY.
HOWEVER, OVERNIGHT MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WILL ONLY DROP INTO
THE MID TO UPPER 70S TO AROUND 80, PROVIDING LITTLE RELIEF
FROM DAYTIME HEAT.
* IMPACTS...THE EXCESSIVE HEAT AND HUMIDITY MAY CAUSE HEAT
STRESS OR HEAT STROKE. THE MOST SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUALS ARE
THE ELDERLY AND THOSE WITH PRE-EXISTING HEALTH ISSUES.
TAKE EXTRA PRECAUTIONS IF YOU WORK OR SPEND TIME OUTSIDE. WHEN
POSSIBLE, RESCHEDULE STRENUOUS ACTIVITIES TO THE EARLY MORNING OR
THE LATE EVENING. KNOW THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEAT EXHAUSTION
AND HEAT STROKE. WEAR LIGHT WEIGHT AND LOOSE FITTING CLOTHING.
DRINK PLENTY OF WATER.
YOUNG CHILDREN AND PETS SHOULD NEVER BE LEFT UNATTENDED IN A
VEHICLE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCE. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE DURING
HOT WEATHER WHEN A CAR'S INTERIOR CAN REACH LETHAL TEMPERATURES
IN A MATTER OF MINUTES.
TO REDUCE RISK DURING OUTDOOR WORK, THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND
HEALTH ADMINISTRATION RECOMMENDS SCHEDULING FREQUENT REST BREAKS
IN SHADED OR AIR CONDITIONED ENVIRONMENTS. ANYONE OVERCOME BY
HEAT SHOULD BE MOVED TO A COOL AND SHADED LOCATION. HEAT STROKE
IS AN EMERGENCY, CALL 9 1 1.
AN EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING MEANS THAT A PROLONGED PERIOD OF
DANGEROUSLY HOT TEMPERATURES WILL OCCUR. THE COMBINATION OF HOT
TEMPERATURES AND HIGH HUMIDITY WILL COMBINE TO CREATE A DANGEROUS
SITUATION IN WHICH HEAT ILLNESSES ARE LIKELY. DRINK PLENTY OF
FLUIDS, STAY IN AN AIR-CONDITIONED ROOM, STAY OUT OF THE SUN, AND
CHECK UP ON RELATIVES AND NEIGHBORS.
John Grochowski John Grochowski John Grochowski John Grochowski
Yet overall payback percentages on slot floors evolve, and in some cases change dramatically in a short time.
A reader emailed recently to say the returns at the casino where he plays most, paybacks had dropped from 92.5 percent to 90 percent within a few months.
If it’s such an arduous process to change each machine, how could such a large change come about so fast?
It can happen without tinkering with return on any one game.
Examine the possibilities:
**The casino may have had a change in marketing goals and decided to emphasize penny slots or other low denominations.
Higher denomination slots such as quarter and dollar games usually have higher payback percentages than lower denominations.
Let’s try a simple example. Imagine a casino with 1,000 slot machines, where 50 percent of dollars wagered was on penny slots returning an average of 88 percent and 50 percent was on dollar slots returning 95 percent. The average payback on that slot floor would be 91.5 percent.
Now let’s say casino execs decided the area most likely to grow business was penny slots, so they removed a large share of dollar slots and added more 1-cent games. In doing so, they created a slot floor in which 90 percent of dollars wagered were on penny games and 10 percent on dollars.
The paybacks on pennies were still 88 percent and remained 95 percent on dollars, but the overall floor average decreased to 88.7 percent.
Real casinos have more slot denominations attracting their own player niches, but the basics are the same: Increasing the percentage of low-denomination slots will decrease the overall floor average.
Casinos have to know their clientele and not create an unplayed glut of low-denomination games while failing to meet the demand of bigger players. But the balance of high and low-denom games is a major factor in the overall payback percentage in any casino.
**Less likely, but possible nonetheless, is that the casino could be replacing older games with new ones of the same denomination but lower payback percentages.
Dozens of new games come out every month, and casinos cycle low-performing games off their floors. It could replace old 88-percent penny games with 86-percenters, 90-percent nickels with 88s, and so on.
Kevin James is a bonafide Hollywood star. He checks off all the boxes. He has had a hit prim…
The process would be spread out over months and wouldn’t have as immediate an impact as quickly turning high-denomination space over low denominations. It also creates the risk of ill will among regulars who notice with repeated play that they don’t win as much as they used to.
**Random fluctuation can play a role.
No slot machine pays exactly the same percentage every month. Over hundreds of thousands or millions of plays, the odds of the games will lead toward a target percentage, but in the short term results will vary.
On a slot floor with hundreds or thousands of games, the payback variation on one machine will be buried in an avalanche of data, so random fluctuation should’t have a large overall effect.
However, a month with a larger than usual number of huge, lifestyle-changing jackpots can show up in an increased overall casino average payback, while a month where the big ones don’t hit at all can bring an reduced floor average.
All these factors can be contributors, but greater emphasis on lower denominations games usually is the largest factor. When you see a sustained drop in a casino’s average payback, that’s the first place to look.
The family business. It’s been an American classic for as long as anyone can remember, and it’s not hard to understand why. After all, who can you trust better than your own flesh and blood? While you may bicker endlessly, these are the folks that have been through the good times and the bad…